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              Blue Calico
              Learn Chinese - History and Culture

              ???????? Blue Calico
              The blue calico (lán yìn huā bù 藍印花布) is a kind of traditional printed-dyed handicraft in the south area of the Yangtze River with a long history that can be traced back to Qin (qín 秦) and Han (hàn 漢) Dynasties.

              Blue CalicoBlue calico absorbs the blue-grass which is natural plant as dyestuff, refined through several printed-dyed handicrafts. The patterns on the cloth are simple but elegant, and with local characteristic.

              During Song (song 宋) Dynasties, blue calico was called “Yaoban Cloth”(yào bān bù 藥斑布), and during Ming (míng 明) and Qing (qīng 清) Dynasties, it was called “Jiaohua Cloth” (jiāo huā bù 澆花布). The patterns on blue calico are all from civil society, and they reflect the seeing and hearings of the common people. With the development of the textile technology during Qing Dynasty, there are quantities of dyeing and weaving workshops.

              Blue CalicoThe most famous blue calico is made in Nantong (nán tōng 南通), Jiangsu (jiāng sū 江蘇) Province. It is the representative of Chinese blue calico. It takes over the traditional patterns that were created during Ming and Qing dynasties. And the blue calico that we have seen nowadays is also with the pattern created during Ming and Qing dynasties. The tablecloth, cloth wrapper, handkerchief and bedcover that are made with blue calico are popular among people. The blue calico workshop “Feng Tong Yu”(fēng tong yù 豐同裕) and “Tai Sen”(tài sēn 泰森) are the top ones among all the shops.

              藍印花布
              Blue Calico??????藍印花布是我國民間傳統工藝品之一,格調樸素,高雅,蘊涵著中國人獨特的審美趣味和生活情調。

              ????? 宋代,藍印花布稱為“藥斑布”,在明清又稱作“澆花布”。藍印花布的紋樣圖案都來自民間,反映了百姓的喜聞樂見,寄托了她們對美滿生活的向往和樸素簡約的審美情趣。明清時期,由于民間紡織技術的發達,染織作坊已充斥街市。據明代《通州縣志》記載,當時在”染織局”登記在冊的手工染坊就達九十多家。

              Blue Calico????? 南通藍印花布具有濃厚的鄉土氣息,圖案藝術性強,是中國藍印花布典型代表。它承繼了明清傳統紋樣,將粗樸古拙與雋美實用融為一體。在藍印花布藝術家吳元新的傾力扶持下,進行了工藝和技術創新,并借鑒剪紙,蘇繡、木刻、素描等表現手法,在藍印花布上實現藝術再現,使這門古老的傳統工藝煥發出健康的青春活力。

              ????? 現代所見藍印花布的樣式,多數為明清一代的作品。這些以藍印花布制成的蚊帳、被面、包袱、頭巾、門簾等生活用品,樸素大方、色調清新明快,圖案淳樸典麗,曾深受歡迎。因此,染坊業一度成為地方上的顯業。史載宋元之際桐鄉藍印花布極為繁榮,形成了:織機遍地,染坊連街、河上布船如織的壯觀景象,其中,石門(古稱玉溪)的“豐同裕”、“泰森”等染坊店一時成為行業中的翹楚。所制“瑞鶴鳴祥”、“歲寒三友”“梅開五富”、“榴開百子”等久負盛名。

               

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