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              Home History and Culture The Game of Go
              The Game of Go
              Learn Chinese - History and Culture

              weiqi

              As a crystallization of wisdom, the game of go (wéi qí 圍棋) is a legacy of traditional Chinese arts, and has contained many rich values and profound cultural significance throughout the ages. Together with playing musical instruments, reading, and painting, it was considered as one of the essential qualities for ancient Chinese literati.
              As a traditional form of art, the game of go also boasts a number of legends about its origin. One of the best known is that when Emperor Yao (yáo 堯帝) married Fuyi Shi (fù yí shì 富宜氏) and had a son named Zhu (zhū ), Yao became very disheartened when the son did not behave well. So Yao made the game of go to cultivate him morally and intellectually. Meanwhile, some believe a political strategist in the Warring States Period (zhán guó shí qī 戰國時期)(475-221BC) created it.

              weiqi
              Nevertheless, despite the legends, the fact is that the primitive form of the game of go appeared in the primitive society, and the game was a collective, rather than an individual, creation from ancient China.
              The board of go consists of a grid 19 by 19 resulting in, 361 intersections. The pieces are placed on the intersections in such a way as to gradually command more territory by surrounding and eliminating the opposition. Each of the two sides, one with black pieces and the other with white pieces, possesses 180 of them. It is an exciting and intense competition and the situation on the board keeps changing and unpredictable. Players have to resort to all sorts of tactics in order to defeat the opponent. As the tactics used in the go are so variable and profound, the ancient Chinese said in an exaggerated manner that only deities can invent such a game.
              weiqiPlaying go exercises the brain and enhances one’s sense of logic. At the same time, it can also cultivate temperament, build up character of perseverance and calmness. Therefore, go has become more and more popular with young people.
              Go was introduced into Japan during the Sui (su
              í 隋) (581681) and Tang (táng ) (618907) dynasties and into Europe in the 19th century. Today, it has spread to more than 40 countries and regions. Players form China, Japan and The Republic of Korea are of the highest skill in the world, and Chinese competitors Nie Weiping (niè wèi píng 聶衛平)and Ma Xiaochun (mǎ xiǎo chūn 馬曉春) enjoy international fame. Go has been developed into a very important international contest.

              圍棋
                     作為中華名族智慧的結晶,圍棋是中華民族優秀的傳統文化遺產,它包含了中華五千年悠久的歷史和厚重的文化沉淀。它與琴、書、畫一起,成為了中國四大傳統藝術形式之中的一員。
                     作為中國另一古典藝術,圍棋的起源也有許多傳說。傳說堯娶妻富宜氏,生下兒子朱,兒子行為不好,堯很難過,特地制作了圍棋,"以閑其情",按照這種說法,制造圍棋,是為了開發智慧,純潔性情的。不過,另有一說:圍棋始于戰國,是縱橫家們的創造。
                     weiqi當然了,這些都只不過是傳說而已,最為可信的說法應該是圍棋在于是社會時已具雛形,它的創造者并不是個人,而是我國古代廣大勞動群眾。
                     圍棋的棋盤面由縱橫的19條交叉線組成,構成361個交叉點,棋子就下在這些交叉點上。圍棋棋子分為黑白兩色,各有180枚。圍棋對弈,千變萬化,緊張激烈。雙方動用各種技術、戰術攻擊對方,非常具有戰斗性。由于圍棋奧妙無窮,古人曾經夸張地說,只有神仙才能發明它。
                     圍棋是一種智力型運動,學圍棋既可以鍛煉提高人們的邏輯思維能力,又能陶冶性情,培養人們頑強、冷靜、沉著的性格。因此,它越來越受到現代人的歡迎。
                     隋唐時期,圍棋傳到日本,19世紀時又傳到歐洲?,F在,世界上已有40多個國家和地區開展了圍棋運動。其中,以中國、日本、韓國的圍棋棋手運動水平最高。中國的圍棋選手聶衛平、馬曉春等,都是國際著名的選手。圍棋已發展成為一種重要的國際體育競賽項目。
               

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