Skip to content
              Site Tools
              Increase font size Decrease font size Default font size default color blue color green color
              Home History and Culture Jade Carving
              Jade Carving
              Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                     Jade Ware
              It is acknowledged by the world that jade carving (yù diāo 玉雕) is one of the oldest carving arts in China. Crude jade tools appeared in China as early as in the late Neolithic Age (xīn shí qì shí dài 新石器時代). And in the primitive society, our ancestries began to make manufacturing jade tools such as knife, shovel, ax and lance and the jade ornaments. Jade carving became an industry in the Shang (shāng 商) (16th century BC- 11th century BC) and Zhou (zhōu 周) (11th BC- 221 BC) dynasties, when skills of jade carving had a further development. Jade wares were used in rituals or as decorative pendants. The jade carving wares were delicate and the ornamental patterns were elegant. In ancient China, jade was also regarded as a symbol of refinement and moral ethics.  

              Jade WareJade is a high-quality stone and has a good many variants. There are white jade, yellow jade, jasper, jadeite, agate, turquoise, etc. Jade carving refers to the process to carve a piece of jade into a fine article of art. A caraving artist has to thoroughly examine a piece of jade, cudgel his brains to make a design according to its natural colors and shape, and turn it into an artistic work.

              Jade can be carved into human figures, containers, images of birds, animals flowers as well as small things like a brooch, ring, seal or decorative object. What is worth mentioning is the huge jade carving in the Palace Museum in Beijing (běi jīng gù gōng bó wù yuàn 北京故宮博物院). It is called “Da Yu Harnessed Flood” (dà yǔ zhì shuǐ 大禹治水), which is 224 cm in height, 96 cm in width, and about 5300 kg in weight. It demonstrated the high skill of Chinese carving artists.

              Da Yu Harnessed FloodThe main producing area of jade wares are Beijing (běi jīng 北京), Shanghai (shàng hǎi 上海), Guangzhou (guǎng zhōu 廣州), Liaoning (liáo níng 遼寧), Jiangsu (jiāng sū 江蘇), Xinjiang (xīn jiāng 新疆), etc.. Chinese jade carving works enjoy a high reputation in the world.

              玉雕
                    玉雕是中國最古老的雕刻品種之一。早在新石器時代晚期,中華民族就有了玉制工具。商周時期,制玉成為一種專業,玉器成了禮儀用具和裝飾佩件。玉石歷來被人們當作珍寶,在中國古代,玉被當作美好品物的標志和君子風范的象征。

                玉,實際是優質的石。玉石的種類非常多,有白玉、黃玉、碧玉、翡翠及瑪瑙、綠松石、芙蓉石等。玉石經加工雕琢成為精美的工藝品,稱為玉雕。工藝師在制作過程中,根據不同玉料的天然顏色和自然形狀,經過精心設計、反復琢磨,才能把玉石雕制成精美的工藝品。
               
              Jade Ware      我國玉雕工藝,源遠流長,為世所公認。早在原始社會階段,我們的祖先就用玉石制作成像鏃、矛、刀、斧、鏟等一類生產工具和各式各樣的玉雕裝飾品,如1973年發現的浙江余姚河姆渡新石器時代遺址,其中28件用玉料和瑩石制作璜、管、珠一類的裝飾品,距今已有七千年的歷史。 在奴隸社會,即商周時期,玉雕工藝又有了新的進展,琢磨精細,紋飾優美,并新出現有魚、龜、鳥、獸面、兔、蠶等形象的玉雕佩飾。常見的紋飾有夔龍紋、蟠螭紋、云雷紋、竊曲紋、方格紋等,特別是當時玉雕陽文線條的出現,是技法處理上的一大飛躍。

                    玉雕的品種很多,主要有人物、器具、鳥獸、花卉等大件作品,也有別針、戒指、印章、飾物等小件作品。北京的故宮博物院中收藏的大型玉雕"大禹治水",就顯示了中國玉雕的高超技藝。
              中國的玉雕作品在世界上享有很高的聲譽。

               

              China Yellow Pages


              CHINESECHINA河南熟女FREE