Skip to content
              Site Tools
              Increase font size Decrease font size Default font size default color blue color green color
              Porcelain
              Learn Chinese - History and Culture

                       Blue and White Porcelain
              Porcelain (cí qì 瓷器) derives its present name from old Italian porcellana because of its resemblance to the translucent surface of the shell. Porcelain can informally be referred to as "china" in some English-speaking countries, as China was the birth place of porcelain making. Porcelain was developed on the basis of pottery. If calculated from the appearance of the primitive porcelain in the Shang Dynasty (shāng cháo 商朝), it has a history of about 3000 years. Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, glassiness, brittleness, whiteness, translucence, and resonance; and a high resistance to chemical attack and thermal shock.

              CeladonThe techniques of manufacturing porcelain have developed rapidly since the Eastern Han Dynasty (dōng hàn 東漢). Famous kilns producing porcelain products with unique features and new pottery and porcelain varieties constantly came forth in subsequent dynasties. Celadon (qīng cí 青瓷) manufactured in the Yue Kiln (yuè yáo 越窯) of Zhejiang Province (zhè jiāng 浙江) and white porcelain (bái cí 白瓷) produced in the Xing Kiln (xíng yáo 邢窯) of Hebei Province (héběi 河北) in the Tang Dynasty (táng cháo 唐朝) are very precious. White porcelain of the Ding Kiln (dìng yáo 定窯) in Hebei Province, Jun porcelain (jūn cí 鈞瓷) of the Jun Kiln (jūn yáo 鈞窯) in Henan Province (hé nán 河南), and celadon of the Longquan Kiln (lóng quán yáo 龍泉窯) in Zhejiang Province in the Song Dynasty (sòng cháo 宋朝) are all priceless treasures. After the Song Dynasty, celadon wares produced by the Longquan Kiln in Zhejiang began to be exported abroad.

              Colored PorcelainAfter the Yuan Dynasty (yuán cháo 元朝), the porcelain industry rose swiftly in Jingdezhen (jǐng dé zhèn 景德鎮) of Jiangxi Province (jiāng xī 江西), which became known as the Capital of Porcelain (cí dū 瓷都). The porcelain ware of Jingdezhen is light and artful in weight, refined and exquisite in design. The most precious items include Blue and White Porcelain (qīng huā cí 青花瓷), Colored Porcelain (fěn cǎi cí 粉彩瓷), Exquisite Blue and White Porcelain (qīng huā líng lóng cí 青花玲瓏瓷) and Eggshell Porcelain (bó tāi cí 薄胎瓷).


              By the Sui (suí 隋)and Tang dynasties, porcelain had become widely produced. Eventually, porcelain and the expertise required to create it began to spread into other areas; by the seventeenth century, it was being exported to Europe.


              Chinese porcelain wares are not only daily handy necessities, but also precious arts and crafts. From the Han and Tang dynasties, Chinese porcelain wares and their manufacturing techniques gradually spread all over the world. Today, China continues to create new varieties of pricious porcelain wares.
                    
              瓷器
              Blue and White Porcelain      中國是瓷器的故鄉,瓷器的發明是中華民族對世界文明的偉大貢獻,在英文中“瓷器(china)”與中國(China)同為一詞。

                    中國瓷器是從陶器發展演變而成的,原始瓷器起源于3000多年前。大約在公元前16世紀的商代中期,中國就出現了早期的瓷器。中國真正意義上的瓷器產生于東漢時期(公元25~220年)。唐代瓷器的制作技術和藝術創作已達到高度成熟。至宋代時,名瓷名窯已遍及大半個中國,是瓷業最為繁榮的時期。當時的汝窯、官窯、哥窯、鈞窯和定窯并稱為宋代五大名窯。明清時代從制坯、裝飾、施釉到燒成,技術上又都超過前代。被稱為瓷都的江西景德鎮在元代出產的青花瓷已成為瓷器的代表。青花瓷釉質透明如水,胎體質薄輕巧,潔白的瓷體上敷以藍色紋飾,素雅清新,充滿生機。青花瓷一經出現便風靡一時,成為景德鎮的傳統名瓷之冠。與青花瓷共同并稱四大名瓷的還有青花玲瓏瓷、粉彩瓷和顏色釉瓷。另外,還有雕塑瓷、薄胎瓷、五彩胎瓷等,均精美非常,各有特色。

                    我國的陶瓷業至今仍興盛不衰,質高形美,其中比較著名的陶瓷產區有江西景德鎮、湖南醴陵、廣東石灣和楓溪、江蘇宜興、河北唐山和邯鄲、山東淄博等。

                    中國瓷器不僅是精美的日用品,也是珍貴的藝術品。自漢唐以來,中國瓷器就大量銷往國外,中國的制瓷技術也逐漸傳遍世界各地?!?/p>

               

              China Yellow Pages


              CHINESECHINA河南熟女FREE