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              Home History and Culture Three Friends in Cold Weather
              Three Friends in Cold Weather
              Learn Chinese - History and Culture

              ?? ????? Three Friends in Cold Weather (歲寒三友)
              (sōng 松), bamboo (zhú 竹) and plum (méi 梅)have always been regarded by Chinese people as the most beloved plants because they all thrive through the cold-winter days, just like friends who cherish the same ideas welcoming the advent of the spring together. For this very reason, they are called “ Three Friends in Cold Weather (suì hán sān yǒu 歲寒三友)”, symbolizing the noble characters esteened and pursued by Chiese people.

              Pine (松)
              Pines are ever-green trees with strong vitality. They flourish even in cold winter, for this very reason they are honored with a character of strong wil. However, they are more generally regarded as the symblo of lonevity among the masses.

              Bamboo (竹)Bamboo survives and fourishes as usual in the cold wind when the day of cold Dew arrives, while many plants are withered. Because bamboo has hollow joints and is upstanding, it is gifted with characters of inflexibility and modesty and is honored as a “gentleman”. While Chinese have the folk custom of firing the bamboo cracker to break away from the old and evil, bamboo is also regarded as the symbol for security and auspice, as shown in the traditional decorative paintings.?

              Plum (梅)The plum is one kind of the famous flowers of China. They are appreciated for their nobleness, purity and modesty which encourage people to improve themselves. Therefore they have always been cherished and extolled by Chinese poets in the past. Plum are also characterized as the advent of good news. Stories about plum and its meaning have been widespread for a long time.

              ????? 青松、翠竹和冬梅這三種植物歷來被中國人所喜愛,原因就在于它們即使在寒冷的冬天也顯示出生機勃勃的活力,像三位志同道合的朋友一樣迎接春天的來臨,所以它們被人們譽為“歲寒三友”,象征著中國人所敬慕和追求的高尚情操。

              ????? 松樹四季常青,姿態挺拔,葉密生而有層云簇擁之勢,欹斜層疊,不啻馬遠、劉松年筆意。在萬物蕭疏的隆冬,松樹依舊郁郁蔥蔥,精神抖擻,象征著青春常在和堅強不屈。

              ????? 每當寒露降臨,很多植物便會枯萎,而柱子卻能屹立在風雪之中。竹節中空、挺拔,所以被人們賦予堅貞和虛心的品格,有著“君子”的美譽。

              ????? 梅花是中國的傳統名花,它清香幽雅、冰肌玉骨,梅花以它的高潔、堅強、謙虛的品格,激勵著人們潔身自好、不斷奮發向上,所以中國歷代文人志士喜歡梅花、歌頌梅花的極多。梅花還常被民間作為傳春報喜的吉祥象征。



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